Pallet racking systems all tend to have the same elements in them. I am going to explain a few different elements with the hope you will have a better understanding of pallet racking! I will also explain the part it plays in the design of your pallet racking.
This is determined from the size of the pallets or the load which will be carried ? whichever is more. You need to add on an excess to this (of 75mm minimum) for a safe operating clearance. This needs to be added between the pallets/load, between the loads and the uprights and also between the top of the loads and the underneath of the beam above.
This is calculated from the total weight of the load/pallets to be supported on the pair of beams on that storage level.
The selection of beam type is dependent upon the load to be carried and the span necessary to support it.
This is the vertical distance between the top of a beam, and the top of the next beam above.
First Beam Level
If the first pallet in the height is stored on the floor, then the following factors will determine the height of the first beam level.
1 = Combined height of the pallet and the load.
2 = Operating clearance required by the forklift truck.
If the first pallet in the height is stored on the first beam level, the following factors will ? determine the beam level:
1 = The first available position for the beam connector in the frame height.
2 = The height clearance required for floor cleaning equipment.
This is determined by multiplying the beam pitch by the number of storage levels in the bay.
This is decided by the dimensions of the type of pallet being stored. The frame depth must allow the pallets to span and be supported by the beams, with the pallet overhanging the beams at the front and the back for safety.
For runs of pallet racking, the load capacity of the frames specified must be equal to the total load carried on the storage levels in the bay. For single bays of pallet racking, the load capacity of the frames specified must equal half of the total load carried on the storage levels in the bay.
The specification of the frame type and duty is determined by the total frame load required and the maximum beam pitch (either floor to first beam, or beam to beam ? whichever is greater).
This is determined by the degree of fixing required to the floor, the contact area of the plate with the floor surface.
After all this information is given we can design exactly the solution to suit your needs. You then have peace of mind that the solution is perfect for you!
I really hope this sheds a bit more light on the design of pallet racking. I hope this helps you to understand our process a bit more.
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